Adjusting to life without a traditional paycheck and planning for retirement income can be one of the most intimidating aspects of transitioning from working to retirement.
After decades of receiving reliable income from an employer, retirees suddenly must create their own “paycheck” to fund their lifestyles using their Social Security benefits, a pension (if they have one) and the savings they’ve managed to pull together through the years.
The income planning process may often start with complicated questions like:
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- Should you file for your Social Security benefits at 62, delay until you’re 70 to get more money or choose something in between?
- If you have a pension, should you take a lump-sum payout — if it’s available — or go with the lifetime annuity option?
- If you’re married, how can you avoid putting a financial strain on the surviving spouse when one of you passes away?
But that’s just the start. If your Social Security benefits and pension won’t cover all your costs, you’ll have to find a way to cover that gap. And for many retirees, that could mean over-relying on investments that are inherently unpredictable.
Traditional Way of Creating Retirement Income Could Be Risky
Creating dependable cash flow from your retirement portfolio can be a daunting assignment. And doing it the old-fashioned way — with a withdrawal plan that assumes the markets will consistently provide what you need — could put your retirement at risk. A withdrawal strategy based on market performance is not necessarily an income plan.
Yes, the markets always recover from those nasty downturns … eventually. And so can the securities in your portfolio … with time. But what happens if, in the meantime, you’re depending on your investments to help pay your bills?
It’s important to keep a couple of things in mind as you plan your retirement income:
- It’s much harder to rebound from a rough patch when you’re taking money from your portfolio than when you’re putting money in. And if a downturn or bear market occurs at the start of your retirement, it could have a significant effect on how much money you’ll be able to withdraw each year. If you stick with the withdrawal rate you originally planned, it’s unlikely your money will last as long as you need.
- Prior to retirement, it’s not a bad idea to focus on the “average rate of return” in your portfolio. (In fact, it could keep you from going a little nuts as the markets fluctuate.) But once you retire, it’s the “annual rate of return” that counts. It won’t matter much that your portfolio averaged 8% per year while you were working and saving, for example, if you lose 20% in your first year of retirement and you’re relying on your investments for income.
So, what are some ways that can help you create more certainty in your retirement income plan?
Even if you dial back your exposure to risk in retirement — by moving to a 60/40 stock-bond mix, for example, or even 50/50 — you could run into trouble. The stock market can be a good place to put your money when you’re looking for growth, and time is on your side. But in retirement, it’s wise to seek out strategies that will help guard the money you’ll need to live on.
CD Ladder Could Offer Safety and Flexibility
One way to potentially accomplish this is with a CD ladder, which can offer both safety and flexibility. Though you can’t expect crazy growth with certificates of deposit, like your parents and grandparents did in the 1980s, you won’t lose money. And because you’ll decide how long each CD’s term will last, you can be sure there will always be some money available when you need it.
Another possibility to consider is fixed annuities, which can be reasonably secure and can provide a monthly paycheck for life (similar to your Social Security benefits or an employer’s pension). Purchasing the right types of annuities for your needs can be more complicated than some other retirement strategies, so it’s a good idea to seek advice from an experienced financial adviser. But putting an appropriate portion of your money into annuities can be a useful way to shield yourself from the ugly downside of the markets.
Too Much in Cash Can Dampen Long-Term Performance
Though it might be tempting to keep a large stash of cash to tap for income when the market flounders, in most cases, I don’t recommend it. Keeping too much money in…
Read More: Gaining More Certainty in Your Retirement Income Plan